Android Architecture

Android operating system is a stack of software components which is roughly divided into five sections and four main layers as shown below in the architecture diagram.

Android Architecture

Linux kernel

At the bottom of the layers is Linux – Linux 2.6 with approximately 115 patches. This provides basic system functionality like process management, memory management, device management like camera, keypad, display etc. Also, the kernel handles all the things that Linux is really good at such as networking and a vast array of device drivers, which take the pain out of interfacing to peripheral hardware.

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Android Environment Setup

You will be glad to know that you can start your Android application development on either of the following operating systems:

  • Microsoft Windows XP or later version.
  • Mac OS X 10.5.8 or later version with Intel chip.
  • Linux including GNU C Library 2.7 or later.

Second point is that all the required tools to develop Android applications are freely available and can be downloaded from the Web. Following is the list of software’s you will need before you start your Android application programming.

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Things to do after installing Kali Linux

20 things to do after installing Kali Linux - blackMORE Ops

Standard Packages:

Standard packages contains anything and everything I found useful. This list if divided into 3 parts:

  • Kali Specific

Kali Linux is a special build from Debian. Kali Linux inherits a lot of the issues from Debian Linux. This section shows you how to resolve of those. They are not specific to Kali Linux only and you might be leave them as it is, but I found that if I see an error my OCD kicks in and I have to make it go away…

Installation Guide for Kali Linux

Introducing Kali Linux

The creators of BackTrack have released a new, advanced penetration testing Linux distribution named Kali Linux. BackTrack 5 was the last major version of the BackTrack distribution. The creators of BackTrack decided that to move forward with the challenges of cyber security and modern testing a new foundation was needed. Kali Linux was born and released March 13th 2013. Kali Linux is based on Debian and an FHS-Compliant file system.

Kali has many advantages over the BackTrack. It comes with many more updated tools. The tools and streamlined with Debian repositories and synchronized four times a day. That means users have the latest package updates and security fixes. The new compliant file systems translate into running most tools from anywhere on the system. Kali has also made customization, unattended installation, and flexible desktop environments and strong feature in Kali Linux.

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How to get an Approved Adsense Account

Google Adsense is undoubtedly one of the best Ad network for bloggers and Web Masters but getting an approved adsense account was never an easy procedure. However, those days are passed and now.

You can get an Approved Adsense Account through the help of YouTube Monetization method. The whole procedure is shown below:

  • First of all, Create a New GMail Account.  If you haven’t used your Old GMail account for Monetization then you can also use your Old account as well. If your country is not supported by Adsense then choose a country like US and UK, while creating New GMail Account.
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